The person capacity of a transit route: a review, assessment and benchmark of static models for network traffic assignment
The planning of urban public passenger transport often requires considering the capacity constraints and congestion effects. Modelling the person capacity of a transit route has been the purpose of several recent research works to develop network traffic assignment models along the following tracks:
- effective frequencies, by De Cea and Fernandez, and Cepeda et al;
- the capacity by route segment, by Lam et al;
- failure-to-board probability, by Kurauchi et al;
- strategy based on a user preference set, by Hamdouch et al;
- availability frequency, by Leurent and Askoura.
Our objective is to describe and compare the models. We characterise and discuss their assumptions and also apply them to a test case which is treated parametrically. We consider specifically:
- making explicit a capacity constraint;
- priority for passengers already on board over those boarding;
- the route’s waiting time for a boarding passenger;
- the distribution of boarding volumes between the attractive routes from a station to a given destination.