Regulating the use of buildings and transports for an optimum environmental protection

Studying jointly buildings and transport systems, particularly regarding land use, allows more eco-efficient regulation strategies to be defined. Indeed housing policy may generate transport demands as well as new transport infrastructures influence land occupation and property value.

Producing knowledge and action methods in those fields is then very important for policy makers and their contractors. Furthermore, it is important to progress in the organization and the stabilization of governance in a long term, regarding granting, public service delegation, private/public partnerships and other associated economic models towards a balanced distribution of risks: system complexity requires models and assessment methods helping to clarify the decision-making process.
One challenge in this field is to identify the real price of mobility, accounting for environmental, social and economic aspects.

In the field of regulating the use of buildings and transports, the Chair will be interested in the following subjects:

Modeling the use of spaces in the territory by the residents

The question is to measure spatial footprint of residents in accessible places and to assess environmental impacts according to time and location of impact production.
Develop a modeling method allowing possible lack for proximity and redevelopment needs to be diagnosed.

Projects list

  • Project 1: MINES ParisTech: Study of energy management strategies of buildings by dynamic programming

Housing supply and demand model

In a liberal society, a family chooses their dwelling place according to various criteria like home-work distance, amenities, neighbourhood, also its intrinsic quality, particularly its size and plan, and last its price including purchasing or renting price but also use cost which integrates operation costs and mobility costs related to a certain “ way of life”.

One aim of the Chair is to progress in modeling housing offer and demand, in understanding residential settlement behaviours, and in price setting according to the location, intrinsic quality and other cost factors.

Relevant transport and urban planning

Identifying transport needs in a sustainable perspective is related to planning, transformation, investment and financing.

One aim of the Chair is to develop tools to help in decision making, evaluate the needs and assess qualities (advantages and draw backs) of projects and transport policies.

Projects list

  • Project 1: École des Ponts ParisTech – LVMT Thesis: Eco-design of urban car parking